The Indian Academy of Pediatrics was established in 1963, at Mumbai with a little more than 150 pediatricians as its members. In its Golden Jubilee year, 2013, there are over 23,000 members across the country. It has 26 State, and 303 District, and City level branches. The Academy has promoted different specialties in the field of Pediatrics through it various Chapters.
IAP is the largest and most representative association of Pediatricians in India as compared with other organizations of medical specialties that are often fragmented and segmented. This indicates the unity that the association has been able to maintain among its members over the past 50 years.
One of the major activities undertaken by the IAP since its inception has been to organize Continuing Medical Education (CME) programs by holding conferences, symposia, lectures and other meets all over the country.
Pediatrics as a subject was relatively underrepresented in the under graduate curriculum in the 1950s but IAPs efforts resulted in the subject receiving more importance and being recognized as a separate discipline.
The Government of India recognized the strength and unity of the IAP and has, over the years, invited the participation and critical appraisal of Child health programs initiated by Central and State Governments.
IAP's head office is in Mumbai, while Delhi is the seat of its official publication - Indian Pediatrics, an indexed journal. Another journal - Indian Journal of Practical Pediatrics, is published from Chennai and has become a popular source of scientific information.